Urinary incontinence is the involuntary leakage of urine. It means a person urinates when they do not want to. Control over the urinary sphincter is either lost or weakened.
Urinary incontinence is a common problem that affects many people.
Here are some key points about urinary incontinence.
Urinary incontinence is more common in females than in males.
There are a number of reasons why urinary incontinence can occur.
Obesity and smoking are both risk factors for urinary incontinence.
It can be due to stress factors, such as coughing, it can happen during and after pregnancy, and it is more common with conditions such as obesity.
The chances of it happening increase with age.
Bladder control and pelvic floor, or Kegel, exercises can help prevent or reduce it.
Treatment will depend on several factors, such as the type of incontinence, the patient's age, general health, and their mental state.
Pelvic floor exercises, also known as Kegel exercises, help strengthen the urinary sphincter and pelvic floor muscles - the muscles that help control urination.
Delaying the event: The aim is to control urge. The patient learns how to delay urination whenever there is an urge to do so.
Double voiding: This involves urinating, then waiting for a couple of minutes, then urinating again.
Toilet timetable: The person schedules bathroom at set times during the day, for example, every 2 hours.
Bladder training helps the patient gradually regain control over their bladder.